• Develop towards the centre
  • Castle early and castle often
  • When both sides have similarly active pieces it’s known as an even or balanced position
  • Relative absolute pins

Weakest pawns

  • F2 and F7
  • Only the kings are defenders

Phases of the game


All your opening moves should support these goals.

  • Establish control of the centre: the most important part of the board
  • Get your pieces onto active squares towards the centre
  • Get your king to safety by castling

Middle game


End gam

  • Promote pawns and capture the opponent’s king
  • Pawn races